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An exquisite French Victorian brooch, circa 1860, breathes the romance of its era with a miniature painting emblematic of Madame de Pompadour's influential presence at the court of Louis XV. Exemplary of the Romantic Victorian Period's artistry, it presents an array of 49 natural rose-cut diamonds adorning 18k yellow gold with silver detailing. This fine piece is marked by the French eagle's head hallmark, denoting its rich provenance and superb condition—a testament to its storied past.
Madame de Pompadour - Madame de Pompadour was a member of the
French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to 1751, and remained influential as court
favourite until her death.
Pompadour took charge of the king's schedule and was a valued aide and advisor, despite her frail health and many political enemies. She secured titles of nobility for herself and her relatives, and built a network of clients and supporters. She was particularly careful not to alienate the Queen, Marie Leszczynska. On 8 February 1756, the Marquise de Pompadour was named as the thirteenth lady in waiting to the queen, a position considered the most prestigious at the court, which accorded her with honors.
Pompadour was a major patroness of architecture and decorative arts, especially porcelain. She was a patroness of the philosophes of the Enlightenment, including Voltaire.
Hostile critics at the time generally tarred her as a malevolent political influence, but historians are more favorable, emphasizing her successes as a patroness of the arts and a champion of French pride. Art historian Melissa Hyde argues that the critiques of Pompadour were driven by fears over the overturning of social and gender hierarchies that Pompadour's power and influence, as a woman who was not born into the aristocracy, represented. (From Wikipedia)
Antique jewelry object group: brooch
Condition: excellent condition
- (more info on our condition scale)
Country of origin: France
Style: Victorian - Victorian decorative arts refers to the style of decorative arts during the Victorian era. The Victorian era is known for its eclectic revival and interpretation of historic styles and the introduction of cross-cultural influences from the middle east and Asia in furniture, fittings, and Interior decoration. Victorian design is widely viewed as having indulged in a regrettable excess of ornament. The Arts and Crafts movement, the aesthetic movement, Anglo-Japanese style, and Art Nouveau style have their beginnings in the late Victorian era.
- See also: Victorian or more info on styles
Style specifics: The Romantic Victorian Period - Experts divide the reign of Queen Victoria, also called The Victorian era (1837 - 1901) in to three periods of about twenty years each; The Romantic Victorian Period (1837 - 1860), The Grand Victorian Period (1860 - 1880), and the Late or Aesthetic Victorian Period (1880 - 1901).
We consider this to be of the Romantic Victorian Period. This period covers the coronation of Victoria as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and her marriage to King Albert and their love, their devotion to their marriage and to their country are the sources of inspiration for this period. The jewels of this period are made of intricate carvings, special techniques where the enamel is subtly worked. These techniques allowed to give the jewel a certain opulence with less precious metal needed. As precious metals were really rare at that time. Highly favored (semi-) precious stones in this period are amethyst, coral, garnets, seed pearls and turquoises. The connotation is obviously sentimental, symbolic and romantic with reminiscent Gotic and/or Renaissance patterns and an abundant use of motifs like anchors, birds, branches, crosses, hearts and snakes.
Period: ca. 1860
- (events & facts of this era, poetry of this era, fashion of this era)
Theme: Madame de Pompadour
Material: 18k yellow gold and silver, see also: The silver on gold technique
- (more info on precious metals)
Technique: miniature painting
Diamond(s): 49 rose cut diamonds. We do not have the weight of the diamonds which is normal in our trade when it comes to rose cuts.
- All diamonds are screened by the IJGC - lab (www.ijgc-worldwide.com) for whether they are natural or synthetic, and all diamonds in this jewel are 100% guaranteed to be natural! Birthstones: Diamond is the birthstone (or month stone) for April.
- (more info on birthstones)
Hallmarks: The French control mark for 18K gold representing an eagle's head that was in use in France from about 1838.
- (more info on hallmarks)
Dimensions: width 3,62 cm (1,43 inch)
Weight: 7,80 gram (5,02 dwt)
Reference Nº: 19101-0108
Copyright photography: Adin, fine antique jewelry
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